Gender and Climate-smart Livestock Production

It is estimated that livestock sector supports over 1 billion people, accounts for 40% of global agricultural gross domestic product and provides over 33% of the world’s protein intake. However, livestock contributes significantly (about 14.5%) to greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions can be cut by up to 30% with better and more efficient livestock production systems.

Photo: Prashanth Vishwanathan (CCAFS, 2014)

Women in developing countries play important roles in livestock production. However, women face barriers to effective participation including access to livestock and nutritious animal feed resources. These barriers are further compounded by the changing climate whereby women and men have different needs and constraints related to livestock production systems e.g., access to drought tolerant livestock breeds. Therefore integrating a gender lens is critical to identify climate smart livestock production systems with the most effective use of resources. Gender responsive climate smart agriculture (CSA) options have the potential to provide benefits for women – when they have access to weather and agro-advisory information on livestock production, marketing and processing.

Areas of research include

  1. Identifying and addressing the different livestock needs, priorities, interests, and constraints of men, women, youth and/or vulnerable household types considering diversity in age, culture and socioeconomic status to improve livelihoods and support resilience building in the face of climate variability and related shocks.
  2. Identifying what climate smart livestock technologies and practices are appropriate to women and men, youth and other vulnerable groups in terms of; breeding more productive and resilient animals able to better cope with climate related stresses (e.g. through improved breeds) and improving manure, pastures and/or diet management.
  3. Analyze gender and socially differentiated costs and benefits from climate resilient livestock interventions (e.g., on livelihoods, labor, incomes and access to resources, food and nutrition security etc.)
  4. Identifying opportunities in livestock value chains where women, youth or vulnerable groups have integral roles, such as dairy and poultry
  5. Identifying the more suitable and relevant strategies to ensure women, youth and vulnerable groups’ access to improved technologies, practices and knowledge to transition into more intensive, sustainable and climate resilient livestock systems?
  6. Identifying pathways for enhancing women’s required skills and knowledge
  7. Assess to which extent current climate change policies and regulations, might support or constrain the strengthening women producers and processors compared to men and provide actionable recommendations for improved action.
  8. Identifying the opportunities for women farmers to get involved in productive activities contributing to Low emission development and national determined contributions (NDC) targets.
Photo: C. Schubert (CCAFS)