System-wide Gender Strategy
Gender inequalities affect technology, land, water, forests, livestock, and fisheries, education, income, investment, and labor. In 2011, CGIAR adopted a system-wide Gender Strategy. The CGIAR Gender Strategy was developed to commit research programs to developing agricultural technologies, farming systems, and policies to support rural women in improving agricultural productivity and their livelihoods. It identified mainstreaming gender analysis and research within each CGIAR Research Program as the best mechanism for all the programs to generate gender-related outputs and outcomes. The CGIAR Gender Strategy sets out clear and enforceable accountability mechanisms and measures for deploying first-class scientific talent to gender research. To ensure accountability, research results, resources allocated to achieve results, and gender expertise deployed for research are monitored.
CGIAR Research Programs’ Gender Strategies
In Phase 1, the overall CGIAR Gender Strategy required each CGIAR Research Program to develop and implement its own gender strategy for delivering measurable benefits to women farmers in target areas. These were formally approved by CGIAR’s Chief Science Officer. The CGIAR Gender Strategies involve two approaches: strategic gender research to deepen understanding of how gender disparities or gender relations affect agricultural innovation, productivity, and sustainability; and integrating gender analysis into research on topics such as plant breeding, adapting to climate change and integrated pest management.
Gender strategies of the CGIAR Research Programs:
|Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH): Gender|
|Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS):
Gender and Social Inclusion
|Fish Research Program: Gender|
|Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA):
Gender Analysis and Research
|Grains Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC): Gender|
|Livestock Research Program: Gender|
|Maize Research Program: Gender|
|Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM):
Crosscutting Gender, Partnerships and Capacity Building
|Rice Research Program: Gender|
|Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB): Gender|
|Wheat: Gender in WHEAT|
|Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE):
Gender, Poverty and Institutions
CGIAR Gender research prior to 2012
CGIAR has a long history of analyzing gender issues to identify innovations that benefit poor rural women. In the 1980s, the International Rice Research Institute developed the Women in Rice Farming Systems Program which improved women’s access to new rice production and post-harvest technologies.
For almost two decades, the International Food Policy Research Institute Intra-Household Research Program has demonstrated that gender-disaggregated economic models are fundamental to shaping food policy.
These models show that women producers have unequal access to land, credit, agricultural extension agents, and technology, and that this unequal access prevents them from producing as efficiently as men.
The Participatory Research and Gender Analysis Program coordinated by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) from 1997 to 2011, demonstrated how engaging women farmers in crucial technology design and development decisions related to new varieties, improves adoption by women.
CGIAR Gender and Diversity Program (1999-2012) promoted proactive development, recruitment, and retention of women scientists and managers both within the system and among national partners. Useful resources developed during its years of operation are publicly available here.