The Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA) is a CARE tool used to gather and analyze information on community vulnerability to climate change. It informs the identification of actions, at the community level or more broadly, that support communities in increasing their resilience to climate change. CARE recognized the context specificity of the impact of climate change, as well as the socioeconomic dimensions of adaptations to climate change. It developed the CVCA Handbook to guide practitioners in analyzing vulnerability to climate change and the capacity to adapt. This is the second edition of the handbook. In this edition, CARE has developed its approach to increasing resilience, which builds on experience implementing projects that focused on community-based adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and food and nutrition security. This edition has a particular focus on gender, ecosystems and governance.