This dataset was collected as part of the SPAITS project, which aimed to improve the adoption of an improved tilapia strain by fish farmers in Myanmar. Using mobile phone interviews, how gender norms and relations influence the ability of the people in the communities to engage in and benefit from aquaculture interventions were investigated. A total of 24 women and men from two different communities in the Ayeyarwady Region were interviewed. Prior to the interviews, verbal consent was obtained from all participants. All of the researchers completed an online training by UNICEF titled “Introduction to Ethics in Evidence Generation”. The researchers also ensured that all ethical standards required are followed throughout the study period.