Hunger is rising, reversing decades of progress. An estimated 690 million people are hungry, an increase of 60 million people over the past five years (Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations [FAO] et al., 2020). We predict that a further 95 million people will be living in extreme poverty and hunger as a result of COVID-19 (Laborde and Smaller, 2020). Perversely, the
very people whose livelihoods depend on food and agriculture are among the most likely to experience hunger. Small-scale food producers and food workers and their families are often left
out of economic growth, technological change, and political decision making. Globally, today’s food systems are not producing affordable healthy diets for all in a sustainable way (FAO et al., 2020). The climate crisis poses a mounting threat to food systems (FAO et al., 2018; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC], 2018), while at the same time, the current food system is a major driver of climate change (FAO et al., 2020).