This manual engages smallholder farmers on women’s participation at every level of
the livestock value chain, where they face influences from factors, including their
skills, their access to capital; capacities, organizational skills, and their limitations.
Women face higher transaction costs in marketing and are less likely than men to be
served by formal financial institutions.
As livestock production becomes increasingly market-oriented, women may no longer
be able to compete with men or gain the same benefits. Therefore, it is imperative
that gender integration in livestock development considers how to enhance the
position of women and influence strategic gender relations