Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI)

Women working crops in a field

A method for measuring women’s empowerment and inclusion in the agricultural sector.

Why is this method important?

Understanding and measuring women’s empowerment is a critical component of ensuring progress in achieving development outcomes.

Although women’s empowerment is key for agricultural transformation in developing countries, women have historically been underrepresented in agricultural statistics. Household-level surveys are typically conducted with “heads of households” who are overwhelming male, thus missing women’s perspectives.

Who is this method for?

By establishing standards and consistent measurement tools, the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) enables researchers and implementers to share learning as well as track progress and impact.

How can I use this method?

The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) is an aggregate index based on individual-level data collected from both men and women within the same household, offering an innovative method to measuring women’s empowerment.

WEAI is comprised of two sub-indices: one measures five domains of empowerment for women (production, resources, income, leadership and time), and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. The tool also measures women’s empowerment relative to men within their households. These sub-indices can be used to track change in women’s empowerment levels that occurs as a direct or indirect result of interventions.

The abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI) is a shortened version of the WEAI adapted for population-based surveys. The project-level WEAI (pro-WEAI) is designed for project-specific contexts and includes optional modules specific to health, nutrition and livestock and qualitative protocols for mixed method studies. Additionally, the pro-WEAI’s novelty lies in its inclusion of intrinsic, instrumental and collective agency—aspects of empowerment that are crucial for the successful execution of projects.

The latest addition to this suite of tools, the project-level WEAI for market inclusion (pro-WEAI+MI), will include additional modules on market inclusion.

When and how was it developed?

In 2012, researchers at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in partnership with Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and USAID’s Feed the Future program, developed and launched WEIA, the first comprehensive and standardized method to measure women’s empowerment and inclusion in the agricultural sector.

Later, in response to increased demand, IFPRI researchers developed the abbreviated WEAI (A-WEAI) and the project-level WEAI (pro-WEAI).

Where can I learn more?

The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) is available via the IFPRI website.

Online learning course now available

In response to growing demand for WEAI surveys, IFPRI and partners have developed an online learning course for WEAI and pro-WEAI.

The first module, on pro-WEAI Foundations, is now available. It aims to train researchers and practitioners on the pro-WEAI tool, from its background to its practical application within the project context. It provides conceptual frameworks, tools and resources, and approaches to integrating the index tools into your project, based on real-world experiences from the team that developed it.

The pro-WEAI Foundations module is comprised of three units, which take about three hours to complete in total. There is also a final exam, which takes approximately 45 minutes.

The module is free and takes place entirely online. It is currently available in English only; a French version is scheduled to be released later in 2021. Digital certification will be provided upon successful completion. More modules will be added to the course as they become available in coming years.

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Publications

The Abbreviated Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (A-WEIA). Project results for “His and Hers, time and income: How intra-household dynamics impact nutrition in agricultural households”
Report / Factsheet

The Abbreviated Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (A-WEIA). Project results for “His and Hers, time and income: How intra-household dynamics impact nutrition in agricultural households”

Juliana Muriel et al., 'The Abbreviated Women�??s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (A-WEIA). Project results for �??His and Hers, time and income: How intra-household dynamics impact nutrition in agricultural households�?�', p.5, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), 2019